Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies 2024-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Editor, Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies Open Journal Systems <p style="margin: 0in; text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;">Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies is a peer reviewed journal focuses on integrating theory, research and practice in management studies and social sciences.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0in; text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><strong><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;">Country: </span></strong><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;">United States</span></p> <p style="margin: 0in; text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><strong><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;">ISSN: </span></strong><strong><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; font-weight: normal;">2957-8795</span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0in; text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><strong><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;">Frequency:</span></strong><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;"> Quarterly </span></p> <p style="margin: 0in; text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><strong><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;">Access:</span></strong><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;"> Open</span></p> <p style="margin: 0in; text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;"><strong>Quick Submission: <a href="">CLICK HERE TO SUBMIT</a></strong></span></p> <p style="margin: 0in; text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph;"> </p> Fuel subsidy removal and welfare of the working class in Nigeria: Policy options for the state 2024-02-06T07:42:13+00:00 Lawal Abdullahi Oladimeji Mahmoud Umar <p>Subsidy provisioning has been a feature of market economies around the World since the end of the Second World War. In Nigeria, and other Third World countries, subsidy provision is a major instrument by which Government attempts to enhance the welfare of the masses. Over the years, successive governments in Nigeria have attempted to keep the prices of certain commodities affordable by providing one form of subsidy or the other. The Premium Motor Spirit (PMS) popularly known as Petrol in Nigeria is one of the commodities covered by subsidy until 29<sup>th</sup> May, 2023 when the newly inaugurated President Ahmed Bola Tinubu in his inaugural speech declared an end to it. A major consequence of the removal of the fuel subsidy is the cut-throat pricing of PMS throughout the country. This paper attempts to interrogate the effect of fuel subsidy removal on the welfare of the working class in Nigeria with a view to ascertaining available policy options for the State. The paper adopts the neo-classical economic theory of government policy and argues that a fundamental responsibility of the State is the protection of the welfare of the citizenry through its various policy decisions. Relying on documentary evidence, the paper found that the removal of fuel subsidy has worsened the living conditions of the working class as not only do workers now have to pay more for fuel; the multiplier effect of a continuous rise in prices of PMS on other basic necessities has made life unbearable. Consequently, the paper suggests a novel approach to the conundrum where in the Federal Government would ensure domestic refining of crude oil for local consumption or reach an understanding with other countries for a non-commercial refining of crude oil for the country.</p> 2024-03-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Socioeconomic impacts and government assistance in the aftermath of landslides in Mayoon since 2010: A qualitative study on the vulnerable village of Hunza, Pakistan 2024-03-01T14:13:34+00:00 Sunana Alam Muhammad Afzal <p>The primary objective of this study is to assess the socioeconomic conditions of the inhabitants of village and evaluate the level of government support provided to them following the landslide. Additionally, the study aims to explore any changes in gender roles that occurred during the resettlement process. Mayoon is a modest village situated in Lower Hunza that has endured multiple landslides, rendering it susceptible to such natural like avalanches, landslides, Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFs), rock fall and flash floods. However, the frequency of landslides has increased since 2010, between 1994 and 2014, there were 78 floods, 16 landslides, and 8 debris flows. Ten participants i.e., five males and five females were purposively selected for this research. A semi-structured interview protocol was prepared keeping in view literature and personal observations, which consisted of 12 open-ended questions. Thematic analysis was used to analyze data. Four major themes were extracted from transcribed data namely, post disaster impact on living, resettlement issues, government role and gender role and disaster. It was discovered that most residents of Mayoon village, who were mainly farmers relying on agriculture, suffered from the landslides. The disaster not only destroyed the farmlands but also the cultural such as cultural sites once they gathered for religious activities. Once they gathered to perform their religious activities, the region was devastated by the disaster. Marriages, cultural events, and festivals were celebrated with zeal and zest, but post-disaster celebrations changed the way they were celebrated earlier. Many affected people had to move to different areas for safety, resulting in the loss of social connections among them. Despite knowing the risk of more landslides, most of them resettled in the same village due to unavailability of sufficient land. The local government failed to relocate them to a safer place and is unable to provide services to the affected individuals.</p> 2024-03-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Small and medium scale enterprises and economic growth in Nigeria 2024-04-02T02:44:16+00:00 Taiwo Ibitomi Durotimi Amos Dada Joseph Olanipekun Ayedogbon Ezekiel Elton Mike Micah Bankole Aderotimi <p>Due to the inconclusive situation of empirical studies on Small and Medium Enterprises ( SMEs) and economic growth in Nigeria and the need to promote growth accompanied by poverty alleviation, this study examined SMEs financing and economic growth in Nigeria from 1999 to 2021. The hypotheses formulated and tested in the study included that there is no significant relationship between commercial bank loans, total credit to the private sector (which captures other means of financing SMEs) and lending rate. Annual data was collected from the Central Bank Statistical Bulletin. The augmented Dickey-Fuller unit root test revealed that the variables were stationary at the first difference, while the Johansen co-integration test indicated a long-run relationship among the variables. The Vector Error Correction Mechanism (VECM) indicated commercial bank loans have a weak negative effect on economic growth. Total credit to the private sector has a positive effect on economic growth, while lending rates have a significant negative effect on economic growth. It was concluded that SMEs financing has significant positive effects on economic growth in Nigeria. It was recommended that the government encourage more commercial bank loans to SMEs by guaranteeing such loans, more development bank branches should be established; and the lending rate should be lowered.</p> 2024-05-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Challenges and Opportunities for School-Based Teacher Training in Zanzibar 2024-02-28T04:10:29+00:00 Saleh Mussa Alawi <p style="margin: 0in; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%; background: white;"><span style="font-size: 11.0pt; line-height: 115%; color: black;">This research delves into the Challenges and Opportunities for School-Based Teacher Training in Zanzibar, employing a comprehensive mixed-methods approach. The study engages both quantitative and qualitative methodologies, incorporating questionnaires and interviews to gather insights from 110 participants. The sample comprises teachers actively participating in the program, head teachers, and program facilitators, selected through random and purposive sampling methods. Utilizing interviews for head teachers and facilitators, and questionnaires for teachers, the data collection process was meticulous. The quantitative data underwent analysis through statistical software, while qualitative analysis deciphered insights from the interviews. The results underscore overwhelmingly positive perceptions regarding the program's impact, as 95.6% of respondents expressed strong support. Significantly, 51.1% highlighted the imperative to prioritize teaching methodology and assessment methods, while 45.5% advocated for the integration of ICT into teaching practices. However, the research also unveiled challenges faced by the program, including financial constraints, inadequate teaching aids and equipment, and deficiencies in facilitator skills. The study puts forth actionable recommendations, emphasizing the necessity for needs-based training programs, continuous development for facilitators, and augmented budget allocation for materials, technology, and participant allowances. These improvements aim to fortify the efficacy and sustainability of school-based teacher training programs in Zanzibar.</span></p> 2024-05-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024