Journal of Environmental Science and Economics <p style="margin: 0in;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;">Journal of Environmental Science and Economics is an open access peer-reviewed journal that considers articles and reviews articles on all aspects of environmental economics.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0in;"><strong><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;">Country:</span></strong><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;"> United States</span></p> <p style="margin: 0in;"><strong><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;">ISSN:</span></strong><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;"> 2832-6032</span></p> <p style="margin: 0in;"><strong><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;">Frequency:</span></strong><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;"> Quarterly </span></p> <p style="margin: 0in;"><strong><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;">Access:</span></strong><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;"> Open</span></p> <p style="margin: 0in;"><strong><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;">Quick Submission: <a href="">CLICK HERE TO SUBMIT</a></span></strong></p> Global Scientific Research en-US Journal of Environmental Science and Economics 2832-6032 Influences of foreign direct investment and carbon emission on economic growth in Vietnam <p>Over the course of the previous three decades, Vietnam has seen a phase of economic growth, resulting in the influx of foreign direct investment (FDI). However, it is essential to note that there was an extensive rise in carbon dioxide (CO<sub>2</sub>) emissions throughout this period. The objective of this research is to analyze the impact of FDI and CO<sub>2</sub> emissions on Vietnam's economic growth, utilizing time series data from 1990 to 2021. The stationarity of the data was assessed using unit root tests, while an autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) procedure was utilized to examine the long- and short-run associations between the components. Based on the research outcomes, it is seen that a marginal rise of one percent in both FDI and CO<sub>2</sub> emissions is associated with a corresponding long-term gain of 1.36 percent and 1.11 percent in gross domestic product (GDP). Furthermore, in the short term, these increments yield an increase of 0.61 percent and 0.29 percent in GDP. The conclusions of this study will provide valuable insights for policymakers in crafting policies that effectively promote sustainable development. Specifically, these policies would aim to strike a balance between capital growth derived from foreign investments and economic expansion, while concurrently mitigating carbon emissions.</p> Asif Raihan Copyright (c) 2024 2024-01-01 2024-01-01 3 1 1 17 10.56556/jescae.v3i1.670 Correlation or Causation: Unraveling the Relationship between PM2.5 Air Pollution and COVID-19 Spread Across the United States <p>Numerous studies have examined the potential connection between air pollution, particularly PM2.5, and the incidence of COVID-19 cases during the pandemic. While several studies have demonstrated a strong correlation, caution is advised as correlation does not imply causation. To address this concern, our two-year observational study employs a comprehensive approach that utilizes a large sample size and draws on temporal and spatial data across the United States, surpassing the limitations of previous studies restricted to specific locations. Through rigorous correlation and regression analyses, we control for potential confounding factors. Air pollution data, a crucial component of our study, has been sourced from the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Additionally, COVID-19 case data is extracted from the Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) at Johns Hopkins University, providing a robust and widely recognized dataset for our analyses. Notably, a significant spatial correlation exists between COVID-19 cases and population size (r=0.98, p-value &lt;0.01), as confirmed by multivariate regression analysis, suggesting a confounding influence of population. It is crucial to emphasize that correlation does not automatically imply a direct cause-and-effect relationship. Moreover, to minimize the impact of population, we employ rates (COVID-19 cases/population of States), demonstrating that the rate of COVID-19 cases is independent of PM2.5 and population. Additionally, the rate of COVID-19 infection is not correlated with population density, implying the population's influence on infection is more likely due to probability rather than being a direct cause. In summary, while many studies report a correlation between air pollution and COVID-19 cases, the influence of confounding factors like population density necessitates further investigation to establish a definitive causal relationship. In conclusion, while many studies report a correlation between air pollution and COVID-19 cases, the influence of confounding factors like population density necessitates further investigation to establish a definitive causal relationship. </p> Mohammad maniat Hosein Habibi Elham Manshoorinia Parisa Raufi Payam Marous Masoud Omraninaini Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-17 2024-02-17 3 1 27 41 10.56556/jescae.v3i1.751 The Threshold level of Institutional Quality in the Nexus between Financial Development and Environmental Sustainability in Nigeria <p>Empirics on the relationship between financial development and environmental sustainability remain ambiguous in the literature. The threshold level at which institutional quality facilitates the relationship between financial development and environmental sustainability in respect to the Nigerian economy is still an open question. This study investigates the threshold level of institutional quality in the link between financial development and environmental sustainability in Nigeria from 1986 to 2020. Times series threshold autoregression technique was applied to determine the threshold level of institutional quality. The result of the threshold revealed that 4.32 is the threshold level of institutional quality in Nigeria. Below the threshold level financial development is not stimulated to improve environmental sustainability but above the threshold level institutional quality stimulates financial development to improve environmental sustainability. This study suggests that institutional credibility and transparency should be enhanced beyond the threshold level to effect the needed change in increasing environmental preservation in Nigeria.</p> Grace Oje Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-21 2024-02-21 3 1 42 64 10.56556/jescae.v3i1.741 Exploring the link between technological innovation, economic development, and CO2 emissions in the US. Application of the ANN and EKC techniques <p>The developed world, which includes the United States of America (US), constantly works to reduce carbon dioxide emissions for the benefit of its people's health while advancing technical innovation to achieve impressive economic development. This motivates this study to use artificial neural network (ANN) and the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) technique to explore the relationship between technological innovation, economic development, and CO2 emissions in the US in order to add to the body of knowledge already in existence. For this study, secondary data from 1990 to 2023 was gathered from the World Bank and The results show that, whereas the artificial neural network shows that economic development contributes more to C02 emissions, the Environmental Kuznets Curve shows that higher levels of technical innovation and economic development lower C02 emissions. Hence, in order to maintain C02 emissions at the lowest possible level and improve the nation's atmospheric conditions, the US government should guarantee sustainable policies that will promote economic development and technological innovation.</p> Seun Adebowale Adebanjo Wasiu Babajide Akintunde Copyright (c) 2024 2024-03-12 2024-03-12 3 1 65 77 10.56556/jescae.v3i1.809 Climate change and its impacts in rural areas of Pakistan: a Literature review <p>Pakistan, which is located in Southeast Asia, is one of the nations that is most susceptible to the effects of climate change, as seen by the increased frequency of floods and droughts. Variations in climate have a negative impact on a number of areas, such as the agricultural industry, groundwater levels, dietary resources, soil quality and organic matter content, public health, and poverty rates. This study's main goal is to evaluate the impact of climate change and the adaptations farms have made in response to variations in precipitation and temperature. Pakistani farmers have responded to climate change by implementing a variety of adaptive techniques. These tactics include changing the way that fertilizer is used, changing crop varieties, using pesticides, improving seed quality, diversifying the farm, planting shade trees, changing irrigation techniques, engaging in off-farm activities, and migrating both permanently and temporarily. As an additional adaptive step, some farmers have turned to asset sales. Additionally, research indicates that agricultural households in wetland areas experience less volatility in climate than those in arid regions.</p> Abdul Rasool Khoso Jintu Gu Shahnaz Bhutto Muhammad Javed Sheikh Kainat Vighio Arshad Ali Narejo Copyright (c) 2024 2024-01-21 2024-01-21 3 1 18 26 10.56556/jescae.v3i1.731